The Influence of Physical Parameters Towards Hyper Cholesterol Reducing Agent Production, Lovastatin, Under Solid Substrate Fermentation (SSF) Condition
1Syarifah Ab Rashid, 1Darah Ibrahim, 2I Nyoman Pugeg Aryantha
1Industrial Biotechnology Research Laboratory (IBRL), School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang Malaysia.2School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesa No. 10 Bandung, Indonesia 40132
Two potential substrates namely rice bran and unprocessed brown rice indicated positive result of lovastatin existence. Aspergillus niger SAR I, our local isolated fungus, took a responsibility to cooperate with those substrates in SSF system. Further experiment including initial profile production, effect of physical parameters (temperature, inoculum size and substrate quantity) and final profile production, were carried out. For initial profile, a basic condition of SSF which consisted 70% (v/w) of moisture content (adjusted to pH 6.0), 5 g substrates mixture (ungrounded size), 1×107 spore/ml of inoculum size and incubation temperature at 30±2 0C, was conducted in a flask system and fermented for 7 days. Those conditions allowed 160.03±3.79 mg lovastatin/g dry substrate of lovastatin production during initial stage. After a study of effect of physical parameters, it showed that the optimum temperature was still at ambient temperature (30±2 0C) and substrate quantity of 5 g but different inoculum size (1×105 spore/ml). Each parameters specifically temperature, inoculum size and substrate quantity produced 253.98±5.92 mg lovastatin/g dry substrate, 297.64±0.56 mg lovastatin/g dry substrate and 298.72±44.12 mg lovastatin/g dry substrate, respectively. Throughout the final profile, the production was 305.08±14.15 mg lovastatin/g dry substrate which made the total increment hit to almost 91%. In this experiment, lovastatin was subjected into high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with acetonitrile and phosphoric acid (pH 3.0) as a mobile phase.
Keywords: Lovastatin, temperature, inoculum size, substrate quantity, SSF, Aspergillus niger, HPLC